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Coach Paterson's Golf Shots

    After seventy eight years playing golf, one would expect the desire to improve would wane, but it never does.
    Although my game began to deteriorate forty years ago, I still try to get better, to catch up, but expecting only to
    improve in the stage in golf I'm in at this time in life, senior golf. That's being realistic.  Huge technological
    advances in equipment with balls that go for ever and never scar and clubs with thirty or more adjustments to
    suit even the weather it seems, thankfully, have delayed loss of distance for the senior golfer. Old age and
    reduced strength that comes with it helps smooth swing tempo. Subtracting perennial putting woes and bad
    knees, I'm pretty pleased to be where I am in golf. To improve and be satisfied with gains, the golfer has to
    work within sensible limitations; limitations set by where they are in life, age, job, family obligations, personal
    health, addictions and many other factors in the high-tech, instant - communication life we lead. The instinct to
    improve is ever present in all aspects of our daily lives. If it ceases, it's very likely you are dead.  
    I will write regularly about golf affairs on this page and welcome your response to my commentary,
    and willingly give you swing and management advice, but draw the line at helping you with putting.

           All the best and keep swinging.   Coach Paterson

    The 2104 H.Y.P. Matches

    Despite an unusual cold spell, the HYP Alumni Matches at the Chechessee Creek Club in Okatie, SC
    went ahead with a small contingent of hardy Yale and Harvard golfers.  With reduced participation, the
    match format was moved to medal play over 36 - holes   Golfers stayed at the Chechessee Creek Club
    Lodge and on the eve of the tournament, enjoyed and entertaining birthday celebration of the Robert
    Burns, the infamous Scottish bard.  Coach Paterson served as host and gave an authentic Scottish
    rendition of the Toast to The Haggis. The traditional fare of haggis, neeps and tatties was greeted with
    suspicion by most attendees, but after sprinkling it with a dash of malt whisky, found it palatable.  
    Everyone survived the ordeal but it’s unclear if it helped golf scores next day.  

    Fortunately the weather improved and the event proceeded without incident.  The Championship division
    was won by Adam Cyrus Yale ’02 with 155, Ross Martinson Yale ’76 won the Senior Championship with
    162 and Peter Malkin Harvard ’56 defended his Super Senior Championship with a net score of 141.  
    Each winner received a platter engraved with Harvard, Yale and Princeton emblems noting their
    Championship category.

    Special thanks go to Harvard’s Peter Malkin, chief of Malkin Airlines for hauling the New York party to
    Savannah, GA.  Without Peter it’s doubtful that most of the Yalies on board would have found their way to
    South Carolina.  Thanks also to Chechessee Creek Club General Manager, Franklin Newell and his staff
    for welcoming us, looking after all our needs and making sure we had a good time.  A private club,
    Chechessee Creek Club has one of the best courses in Low Country, a true walker’s course designed
    by Ben Crenshaw and Bill Coore and the ideal venue for our event.  It was privilege to play the
    Chechessee Creek Course.  See www.chechesseecreekclub.com


    My experience shows average club golfers, male and female, are plagued with common swing errors, often at the beginning of the swing which sets off
    a series of instinctive repair moves that either save or destroy the action, unfortunately, usually the latter.  Assuming the golfer has a reliable set up, the
    most common and most natural failure is using hands and arm to make the back-swing, usually lifting the club in an upward action, moving the head
    and thus the center of the swing, and failing to use the upper body mass that is vital to powering and stabilizing the swing.  Much like a slingshot action,
    the golfer’s back-swing loads power and the down swing delivers or release that power.  The back-swing power is generated by the rotation of the
    upper body around a lower body fixed to the ground, with hands and arms attached and moving along with to the process as the propelling instruments.

    The one-piece back swing best describes how to move of the parts of your body, already connected but in need of learning how to work together to
    develop back swing power.  The simplest exercise to feel the unity of body parts movement and development of power in the golf swing is to stand
    upright, feet apart well balance with both arms held high in front of your body, hands apart and being rotating shoulder, hands arms around ninety
    degrees to the right and all the way around 180 degrees to a balance position to the left side of your body keeping the hands and arms elevated.  Daily
    practice three sets of ten rotations, all parts moving in concert.  As you gain strength, add a club, a ball or another weighted object and repeat the
    exercises. In order to ensure the movement works well in your swing it has become habitual.  Remember habits are reliably controlled by the body not
    the mind.  Without exercise it will not become a habit.  Recently I heard a novice golfer saying I forgot to rotate my body.  The golfer's mind didn't forget.  
    It was the golfer's body that forgot.  You can exercise with any nearby weighted object.   

    A Golfer’s Relationship with Par

    As a child, when I behaved badly, which was rarely, I remember my mother telling me the Bogey man would get me.  Although the threat of the Bogey
    Man scared me, I was never quite sure what he would do to me.   As a young golfer, however, I learned the term Bogey came from an old Scottish word
    “Bogle” meaning a goblin or devil in Scottish Folklore.  The punishment became very clear and the Bogey Man to this day haunts me to habitually
    torment me on the course.  

    In the late 19th Century Bogey was the standard on the score card for the average golfer.  Today it’s considered to be one-over-par for all holes on the
    course and no longer appear as a figure on the score card.  Back in the 1920s, however, depending on the difficulty of the course, it might add one over
    par to a few holes, calculating bogey as six over par, seventy eight.  At that time, membership of many elite British Golf Clubs was comprised of active
    or retired military officers who decided Bogey should have a rank so they made him a Colonel.  Golfers coming off the course were asked how they
    fared against the Colonel.  The famous Colonel Bogey March was inspired by a golfing military man who replaced “fore” by loudly whistling the opening
    two-note phrase.  During my National Service stint in the Royal Force, (the Draft in the US), I often played Colonel Bogey on a b-flat coronet as a member
    of the base band; another bogey reminder.    

    The term par was derived from the stock exchange referring to the value of a stock being under or over par.  Surprisingly, par in golf originated in Britain
    during the 1870  Open Championship at Prestwick, when two leading  professional competitors, David Strath and James Anderson, responding to a
    question by a golf writer named Doleman, asking what score is likely to win the Open Belt,  said perfect play would produce a score of 49 for the then 12-
    hole course.  Doleman in his newspaper correspondence called this par for the Prestwick Course and reported that young Tom Morris won with a score
    of two strokes over par.  From that moment, replacing bogey, par evolved over a century to become the mathematical sought-after ideal score in golf.  

    All golfers, whether aware of it or not, have a relationship with par. It is there when they are born and there when they die; immutable, implacable,
    indelible, indomitable, uncompromising, undeniable par.   Par is a competitive mathematical standard that we solely play against.  It’s on the score card,
    on the scoreboard and now on the Internet and every electronic golf measurement tool, and above all, it’s always on our minds.  What other sport starts
    with a fixed competitor, a fixed standard, with a score already on the board.  In the journey through our golfing life our relationship with par changes; as
    a novice, constellations from par, totally focused on connecting with the ball, to amateurish control, hopefully expertise and eventual decline in later
    years.  Paralleling life, we go through the cycle of growth and decay, regardless of one’s place in golf, from rank, struggling amateur to P.G.A. or L.P.G.A.
    Tour stardom.
    Par is a tough competitor,  constantly with us on the ubiquitous score card, all manner of hole signs and yardage plaques, often illustrated showing the
    best route to the hole and to hopefully achieve par.  We are surrounded by physical reminders of par. Our consciousness of par is ever present,
    imprinted by countless coaches, starters, score-keepers, golf chairmen and women, locker-room bores and friends over beers and let’s not forget the
    Golf Channel.   

    How do we deal with par and what are our expectations?  Few of us live in the rare under- par environment, or at even-par. Some of us live above but
    close to par but most of us live far from par, in a large, remote, golf wilderness filled with the anguish of unskilled golfers. Nevertheless, regardless of
    their great distance from par, most golfers find some pleasure and equality from the balm of their handicap, an earned number that represents golfing
    ability in relation to par; the larger the number, the poorer they play.  The reality is they are disadvantaged by their distance from par, yet the handicap
    brings them closer to par, a sort of life-line to par.

    Alas, the distance from par is often manipulated and exploited.  Some golfers have an honest relationship with par, accounting for every stroke within
    the rules of the game.  Others deliberately distance themselves from par, seeking illicit gain, often monetary, but more often seeking only the aura and
    admiration of the winners circle.  The sadist of all golfers is the one who seeks the status of being close to par, close to scratch, a score performed
    once or twice a year, instead of regularly, struggling to keep-face with a fake handicap.   

    The path to enlightenment in golf is to be in tune with par. It’s possible you have never seriously thought about your relationship with par and how it
    affects your game.  Perhaps it’s time to take an honest look at where you stand with par and how you are handling it.  What is your level of
    consciousness with par?  Are you obsessed with par, religiously entering every score as soon as ball hits the bottom of the cup, calculating
    immediately how many over or under is recorded, or is par just hanging around in the background, subliminal, and unrelated to your performance.  

    Begin by acknowledging and willingly accept where you are mathematically with par. Determine how many times during a round of golf you expect to
    make a par, ignore your handicap which involves many more factors than par.  Try a new approach to par, the success of which requires your attention
    to par in the following manner.  Regard par as eighteen independent numbers, not a total, each with distinctive features providing a personal value for
    achieving par.  Are you a two or three-par golfer or a nine-par golfer, or have reached the supreme order of an eighteen- par golfer?  If you are content
    with where you are in the spectrum of par golf,  it’s likely you will easily make your allocation of pars without much effort and disappointment. What
    about the holes where you don’t make par?   Then take the same look at your relationship with bogey and so on if you are willing to go as fare as dealing
    with double-bogey.   

    With the gift of consciousness, we are seeking awareness of where we stand in golf, to be content with it and to find pleasure in the game; much the
    same as our consciousness of where we stand in many other aspects of life.   Henry Chellow, a London University lecturer on psychology and close
    golfing pal of Charles B. Macdonald put it this way. “The man (or woman I add) who regards golf as a matter of ‘card and pencil’ is not a golfer at all, for
    he has lost his soul to arithmetic, whereas the true golfers puts his soul into the game for the love of it. “

    Are you a ‘Rounder Impacter’ or a ‘Target Impacter’?

    My golf addiction was fully satisfied this winter with a renewed interest in developing a draw , not a hook,
    a controlled draw;  my swing  founded on a steep downswing path, producing a left to right flight path
    which with aging, slowed down swing speed, resulting  in a significant loss of distance. Changing the
    flight path to right to left path would increase distance.  First of all, I closed my shoulder to the line of flight
    right of the target.  This position enabled me to take the club back in a flatter plain; more around than up.
    From the closed body position I was still able to keep the club in front of the body to complete the back
    swing. From this position I directed the club head out towards the ball with the intent of striking the ball to
    the right of the target. This action directed the club face at the front right of the ball and after contact with
    the ball, the club face, now at the furthest point of the arc, automatically turned left around my body to
    complete the follow through.  At impact the ball spun anticlockwise and flew slightly to the right of its
    original position, then turned with a right to left trajectory towards the target.  I created a draw which clearly
    added distance to my drives.    

    While working on the draw, I stumbled on a Teaching - Teachers article in the February Issue of the PGA
    Magazine, issued monthly to its members.  In the piece, Chris Rowe, head professional at Whispering
    Pines Golf Club in Trinity, TX talked about golfers’ swing gap, the space created between the back swing
    and downswing movement.  His theory is that the size of the swing gap, identifies two distinct methods of
    impacting the ball, a small swing gap creates a ‘rounded impact’ and a larger swing gap creates a
    ‘target impact.’ The rounded impact exemplifies the modern golf swing used by many of the young power
    hitters in the PGA tour today, who generate power by rotating their upper and lower body at high speed
    powering the club-head around their left hip, reducing club face rotation to prevent the ball from traveling
    left.  Jason Day, who won the Accenture the recent tournament, is a perfect and powerful example of
    rounded impact.

    The target impact is described in the move I attempting above during which the right- handed golfer is
    swinging the club towards right field. Crowe maintains that ‘target impact’ relies more on timing and
    hand control of the club face through the ball and associated with golfers with large swing gaps.
    Check your swing to find out if you are rounded impacter or a target impacter. If over fifty it’s very likely you
    ‘target impact’ and under fifty you ‘rounder impact,’ the latter requires great flexibility and a strong back.     

    s, Mountain Lake course. Without hills, it was like junior Yale course, with classic Raynor
    forms, with an emphasis on rectangular greens and large deep squares-off bunkers.  Set
    amidst a flat, tropical Florida landscape, it was pleasant easy walk greeting the golfer on
    each tee with a fresh interesting picture of the hole about to be played.  The greens,
    including a Biarritz, Bowl and a Redan, offered enough, practical contour to be interesting,
    yet manageable.  

    From Mountain Lake we traveled to the latest Florida golf complex named Streamsong, in
    the middle of nowhere, on an unusual, moon-like landscape of pointed, rusty - orange
    sand dunes, poised beside large troughs of deep blue water.  Built on a desert site mined
    for phosphate some years ago, the craters dug and piled had been effectively transformed
    into water hazards and dunes to provide a unique backdrop unlike any other I’ve seen in
    the USA.   

    Streamsong is owned by the Mosaic Company, Florida’s largest land owner and the world’s
    leading producer of and marketer of phosphate –based crop nutrients.  Mosaic owns
    Streamsong’s 16,000 acres of land in Polk County and has developed the Streamsong
    Resort and its two courses, the Tom Doak Streamsong Blue and the Ben Crenshaw - Bill
    Coore Streamsong Red Course; I couldn’t find any reason for color coding the courses,
    except their intent perhaps is in the future to build a Streamsong White Course.    

    Both courses were of the strategic design with generous fairways, dotted with huge
    cavernous bunker and lined with sandy waste areas.  The greens were large, crowned,
    undulating and slick with the mini-Verdi turf heading into a dormant phase due the cold
    spell.  If I remember correctly we putted poorly on the Doak course with 27 three - putts
    between four competent golfer. Despite scoring a hole-in-one on Dock’s signature 7th
    hole, with a well- played 180 yard four iron, I still contributed the most putts.  We left the
    course in shock.  Next day the Red treated us little better on the greens.  

    If Streamsong intends to build another course, which I’m sure they will do, my
    recommendation to Streamsong Management is to remember to include a very important
    ingredient for the average golfer who is likely to be their biggest customer and that is fun.  
    difficult for the average golfer.  

    Will I ever return to Streamsong?  Very likely, if not only to prove that I am not such a bad
Doak's 7th Hole StreamSong Resort
Hole-in-one Champ Coach P
Streamsong Daok Course # seven
Alan Donaldson, Alan Seget, Coach Chris
Smith and Charles Mitchell
HYP Champion Adam Cyrus

HYP Senior Champion Ross Martinson
Adam Cyrus, Nate Bohn and Brant Rubin
Mark Matza   Coach and Chuck Lobdell
Send a video of your golf swing for
a private golf lesson to Coach
Paterson link to the address below

Coach Paterson at
    In the early 1990s MIT researchers at the Brain and Cognitive Sciences department
    working on habits found that a golf ball size lump of tissue at the base of the forebrain,
    named the Basal Ganglia, part of which, the putamen, coordinates automatic movement
    and behaviors.  In layman's terms The Basal Ganglia  develops and stores automatic
    movements, habits,  while the rest of the brain sleeps  or is busy with another activity.   
    We are born with the ability to learn movements and form habits.  Every action we make in
    daily activity, getting out of bed,  turning on a tap,  brushing your teeth, lifting your coffee
    cup, opening your car door is a learned habit, all developed from similar awkward early
    childhood necessity and becoming skilled through age.   
    We rely on dozens if not hundreds of  these habitual, largely unconscious  movements to
    get through the day.  Scientist say  40% of our daily movement is automatic, made without
    forethought.   Habits require various levels of skill and efficiency, from casually emptying
    the garbage to precise, steady- handed eye surgery.  Sports habit, especially in golf,
    involves lower tolerances than soccer,  marksmanship involves steadier hands than
    tossing the caber.  Margins of error in sports vary as a factor central to winning or losing.  
    The MIT scientists' experiments with rats showed the brain, often uncertain about moving
    in a certain  direction in developing  a habit took time to find a cue that offers a hint as to
    what direction to chose to achieve a goal.  This three - step process, cue or initiator
    followed by a routine, physical or emotional and finally the goal or reward that makes it
    worthwhile and into what's called the "habit loop":


    For better or worse, our golf games have evolved in the same way through the habit loop.
    If you were fortunate to learn correct swing fundamentals, you are likely to be a better
    golfer with good habits.  If you didn't have the benefit of a good instructor and learned
    bad habits, you are no doubt looking for improvement.   Unfortunately, your Basal Ganglia
    hangs onto all your habits good and bad. You can't delete a bad habit, however, you can
    change it and improve it.  You use the same cue and the same reward but change the

    Golf Cues

    Your cue in golf begins when you approach your shot and asses your needs to make the
    shot.  Your routine includes  club selection, set-up and pre shot procedure, but is largely
    your movement in striking the ball, which takes about half a second.  The reward is seeing
    the shot head to the target, your view of the shot which completes the habit loop.
    Golf Routines

    There is no instant repair of the routine.  Changing the routine requires hours of
    conscientious practice dedicated to the habit loop cycle, otherwise your routine will not
    change. Tiger Woods went through at least three major routine adjustments with three
    leading instructors,  Butch Harmon, Hank Hainey and lately Sean Foley.  Tiger's routine
    changes were visible, but clearly did not elevate him to his former winning championship
    form.  He is still looking for a concise, reliable routine.
    Top professional swing routines are honed to very small tolerances, perhaps to a club-
    Routines are loosely tuned and finely tuned, requiring various levels of accuracy and
    emotion.  Opening your car door routine is uncomplicated and handled without any
    conscious thought, its automatic.  Similarly, brushing your teeth, picking up the morning
    news paper or the kids toys on the way to the door are all automatic routines with the
    individual unconcerned  about the outcome.  The golf swing routine is more complicated,
    requiring more skill and a large degree of emotional energy.   The outcome lurks in the
    mind,  involving expectation and concern to a varying degree depending on your level of
    expertise and the intensity of the competition,  all having an influence on your routine.  

    Golf Rewards

    Unlike the research rat on the correct path to the cheese, reward in golf is not constant.  It
    involves two senses, feel  and sight.  First on the reward path is the clubface impacting
    ball, then seeing the ball fly.  Either sense is experienced to varying degrees.   The
    ultimate reward is holing out and from there varying degrees of the ball's proximity to the
    hole.   The whiff being the worst possible reward; better described as disaster not reward.  
    That brings up the issue of when  is reward no longer evident or felt?  Rory MacIlroy's  
    view of reward is certainly on a higher standard  than the high handicapper. It's all
    relative.  You know after every shot.   Added to all this is the luck factor, never identified
    on the scoreboard and which the research rat has  not to deal with, unless the cheese is
    rotten.  The good bounce from a poor shot is reward .  A bad bounce on a good shot  is
    partial reward.     

    Changing  your routine

    Retaining expert advice is crucial when  changing your routine.  Find a reliable instructor
    or coach who will help identify necessary routine changes.  One or two adjustments to the
    routine are ideal.  No matter what stage you are in the game, beware of a catalogue of
    change.   Set up changes are easily handled , but it's prudent to handle swing changes
    one at a time.   
    The new routine requires diligent, concise practice to change the habit, with an emphasis
    on reward. Most golfers, however, idly striking balls with little regard to a target and the
    reward factor as it relates to course play. They experience the sensory reward but not the
    complete visual reward.  Practice as you play on the course.  Unfortunately, most practice
    facilities offer no more than flagpoles in the distance, often on fairway grass unable to see
    the ball come to rest.  It helps when the range has golf greens with flag poles.  More
    imaginative reward would be helpful; something as simple as bell going off when you hit
    ten feet from the flag.  Feedback, reward is vital to practice.  Pay attention to the cue, look
    carefully at what you have to do and have a clear goal to support the reward portion of
    the habit loop.  Always play to a target, and if possible to chose one where you can see
    the ball land.  
    And remember your basal ganglia is impartial, it collects bad habits as well as good

    Need to hit more fairways this summer?

    If you are addicted to the golf channel like me, you may have noticed many of the top
    golfers on the PGA tour, especially the newcomers, exercising  what the golf channel
    teaching gurus call "The Grip To Hip" movement.  Before leaving the tournament golf
    scene Tiger frequently rehearsed the  "G to H" movement as does Greame McDowell and,
    in a very pronounced manner Mark Kutcher and many others. If done correctly the "G to
    H" is reputed to remove the left side of the fairway the game. If perfected you will never
    hook again.

    Prior to striking the ball the Pros lead the end of the grip towards and around their left hip
    in a pulling action always maintaining the cocked wrist-club angle. They repeat the
    movement several times making sure the butt-end of the grip is leading the club head
    around the left hip. When trying the move you will notice it will direct the clubface out to
    the ball and hold it longer on the line of flight. It also helps initiate the most important down
    swing move, leading with the hips. A good description of the feeling is that of tugging the
    club around the left hip. It is essential, however, to ensure shoulders are not moving
    around with the club grip, they remain behind with the club moving under them creating
    more of a lean back through impact.  To help the move tilt the shoulders back a bit more
    over your right hip.  Tourist using the "G to H"  exhibit flatter follow through finishes.
    Taking a look at the move on the Golf Channel during a PGA Tour event, practice it
    without a ball then give it a try on the range.  You may hook a few in the beginning and
    question its value but once in sequence you will hit more fairways.  
    Good luck.

    Coach P    
Cabot Cliff's 16th par three Signature hole
Teeing off Cabot Links Course
Lobster night in Marghree Harbor  
Tim More's boots after golf at Bell Bay
        Bells Bay
Cabot Links

    In the midst of Low Country torrid summer temperatures I eagerly looked forward to relief
    from the heat on a visiting the Cape Breton in the Canadian Maritimes and connecting
    with my Scottish heritage  in land populated by Scots who left  their homeland centuries
    before when the clan system ended.    Clan settlements survived in harsh Cape Breton
    climate surviving through communal farming but brought no sign of the emergence of golf
    in Scotland golf. Most of the courses on our schedule with the exception of Stanley
    Thompsons, Highland Links in 1941, were built within the last ten years.    

    Relief from the heat came with a 50F degree drop in temperature in Ben Eoin (Scottish
    Gaelic for John's Mountain) located  four hours by car North of Halifax, our first stop to on
    our six- day golf trek to Cape Breton.  Two months of rain had preceded us which was
    quite evident on our first venue, The Lakes Golf Course,  a challenging eight year old
    after the Innkeeper where we were  served the best meal during our Cape Breton visit.  
    Each of the Birches twelve rooms  is named not numbered; if I remember correctly I stayed
    with Krasney in the MacKinnon Room, Graves and More stayed in the Patterson room.  

More to come shortly
Proboscis Golf,  November 2016

The nose is frequently mention in many areas of the sporting world in reference to its use, size,
design and position but rarely in golf.  How often have you heard, "he has a really good nose for
the football,"   "she's got a nose for the goal," " if I could create a nose tackle it would be him,"  
"he played well at nose guard," "the filly won by a nose," "now that the camel has his nose under
the tent, it's a whole new ball game? "  Throughout the history of golf instruction there is no sign
of involving or recommending of use the nose in the design or building of a golf swing or in the
development of a special shot.  Let's face it, the nose in golf is neglected, except for its essential
purpose of smelling and identifying the aroma of the golf course.  Few golfers stop in poetic
revere of newly mown fescue or pay much attention to pungent ponds when recovering the ball
is solely on their mind.  Pollen season might elicit a hearty sneeze with a conscious, speedy wipe
before the re-grip.  Otherwise the nose is idle and forgotten in pursuit of a lower handicap unless
describing a stinking shot.  

Golf is a game of angles and needs an efficient method to create accurate angles, starting with
the set-up and stance.  Good vision is essential to correct alignment so why not use the nose,
the protuberance  in most instances set perpendicular to and between the eyes as a pointer?  It
is said, "an inch in a man's nose is much," so longer pointers, matching  those of Cyrano,
Pinocchio and Durante will have a distinct advantage, but don't despair and don't look for a nose
job, no matter how far you protrude, the key is to point accurately.  Start practicing by pointing
your nose at every- day items, static or mobile, your car, your house, your spouse, nose guards
and even yours own nose in the mirror, always focusing on pointing your nose.  As you become
more skilled at nose pointing, choose smaller targets, door knobs, a computer key, big toes,
another nose and finally a golf ball. Follow your nose and keep it out front.      

After fixing the target with your nose and drawing a target line, move into the set up by pointing
your nose at the ball then aligning your feet, shoulders and hips parallel with the target line,
making sure your nose is perpendicular to the ball situated in the center of the stance.  Keeping
your nose to the ground, rotate your shoulders and hips into the backswing.  No matter where
the ball is located in the stance your nose will remain fixed on the ball. On the way back, less
flexible bodies might find their nose moving away from the ball, but keep the nose fixed  on the
ball even if it means less backswing.  The nose will face directly at the ball at the completion of
the backswing.   At address, hold larger noses high in the sky on the way back to avoid collision
with the shoulder but make sure the shoulder is always under your nose.

On the downswing your nose will move slightly backwards and downwards towards the ball.  It will
point slightly behind the ball as impact with the clubface occurs. If your nose is facing up at
impact, you have blown it.  A steady nose at impact will force legs to move forward more strongly
which will add elevation and therefore more distance to the ball.  At the end of the swing keep
your nose in the air and towards the target with your body leaning backwards   If the body is
leaning forward and you are  your looking down your nose the ball will not rise.  Under no
circumstance nose around, blow your nose or stick your nose in the air during the swing. If you
keep your nose clean and follow these instructions you will always hit the ball on the nose.  If you
prefer, you can replace nose with any of the following synonyms, snout, snitch, schnozzle, bill,
beak, conk, neb, nosh, nosher.  

Author.  Coach Nosey Parker.  

“Thou wert best set thy lower part where thy nose stands.”  Shakespeare
Fishing the Maragaree River
    As a young golfer, these words were rained down on my ears, not only by my professional
    golfer father, but also by every passing adult golfer, regardless of their expertise.  It was
    the common dominator of swing advice from the golfing know-it-alls.  Unlike today's
    thorough scientific research into every aspect of the golf swing in which the role of the
    head deals principally with the mental needs of the game, not necessarily it's physical
    position in relation to movement. Being the most recognized identifiable part of the body,
    the head is the swing advisor’s focus and, if during a failed golf shot, it appears to have
    moved irregularly, regardless of the cause, "keep your head down laddie," poured
    forth from the neighboring sages.
           The question remains, however, did I and the many other advisees, lift our head up
    on the  on the way back or forward, were we, in contemporary coaching lingo raising our
    spine angle?   
           Now, after of years of scientific study into the golf swing, we are taught that Newton's
    Third Law of Motion, in which he states, "that for every action there is an equal and
    opposite reaction," is essential to the development of a successful golf swing. Science
    teaches us the golf swing is centrifugal motion of the club head around a static hub, or
    swing center, located in the middle of the upper body just below the head; in the middle of
    the sternum.  Displacement of the swing hub moves the head which leads to errant shots.
    Could we have been better golfers if advised "Don't move your hub laddie," perhaps yes?
    The two essential benefits of maintaining a fixed hub are longer and straighter golf shots.
    What more can the golfer want?  There are only three causes of crooked golf shots; shots
    that don't go in the desired direction on all elevations. They are, 1. shots off the center of
    the clubface. 2. swinging the clubface through the ball along a line different from the
    chosen line and, 3. striking the ball with the clubface facing in a different direction from
    which the club head is swinging; all problems normally a result of twisting the arc of the
    swing. On the other hand, lack of distance is a result of the breakdown in the centrifugal
    balance of the swing. The movements required to produce maximum club head speed to
    impact are usually out of sequence.
           Science also proves that head movement does occur in the swings of our best golfer;
    the only head movement apparent in all top tier golfers that does not jeopardize the
    stability of the hub.  It's best pictured in the finish of expert golfers which shows them in a
    classical follow-through posture showing their head leaning backward with their lower body
    forward and to the left in full follow-through facing the target. A position eagerly sought
    after by the senior golfer, but difficult to fully achieve. Be cautious senior golfers when
    trying to get into that position.
           This is where Newton's Third Law of Motion kicks-in.  Since we are more conscious of
    head movement than hub movement, we can still use the head to maintain a stable hub.  
    Research shows the average PGA Tourist's head from address moves 2 inches to the
    right a 1 inch downward on the back swing and a further inch back and down on the way
    to impact. This movement, shows the head moving back and down actually helps keep the
    hub in position. So why not consciously use the head to still the hub?
    towards your shoulder. Lean back placing more weight on the back foot making sure the
    right shoulder is lower than the left (of course left-hand golfers would do lean back
    towards their left shoulder). By holding the head in that position throughout the swing
    resisting the urge to move forward, will automatically propels a stronger lower body lateral
    movement. Fixing the hub allows a stronger release or slinging of the club head through
    impact.  Newton's Third Law of Motion will kick-in with explosive speed sending the ball
    straighter, higher and on target.  Feel the club head speed through the ball and a well
    deserved chorus of  " You stayed weel behind the ball Laddie"

    Some exercises to help fix your hub

    1.        Practice swing and hit balls with feet together, both feet touching.  This keeps the
    upper body less active through impact improving more stability and the development of
    higher club-head speed at impact.  British pro golfer, Henry Cotton, three times Open
    Champion gave me this advice when I was a scrawny 120 lb. Assistant Pro at Turnberry.
    2.        Practice swinging with the club only in your right hand (left of course if a lefty) As a
    boy, this advice was given to me by Gordon Peters, a member of the British Walker Cup
    team 1936/38 who was a member of my Father’ club.  This exercise will help you feel the
    club-head swinging forward, speeding up through impact without interference from the
    3.        Swing a weighted club to help feel “Newton’s Third Law of Motion” the centrifugal
    action of the swinging club-head pulling away for the static hub; you have two equal and
    opposite forces reacting against each other.  Feel the body pulling back as the club is
    swinging away from you.  The Yellow and Orange ball tools offer a fair representation of
    the centrifugal action; however, a weighted club-head will offer the best experience.  My
    Father had one in his workshop, which was much too heavy for me as boy, but early
    attempts gave me a strong sense of “swing.”  

     Are you a top down or bottom up golfer?

This question is usually answered according to the golfer’s age.  If you have played for over 50
years, it's likely you will swing from the bottom down and if younger it's likely you will swing from
the bottom up. So why is this important?  Bottom down golfers are often classified as swingers of
the golf club, those from the bottom up are classified as hitters of the golf ball.  To produce the
best golf results, swingers rely on an even, consistent tempo, hitters rely on power through
clubhead speed.    
Golf began as top down swinging game, possibly even earlier than 1682 when James Duke of
York, later James II played on the Links of Leith.  His club shafts were made from lancewood,
lemon-wood, greenheart or the most reliable, hickory.  All were hewed from trees, which
produced whippy shafts of torque values varying as much as twenty degrees.  The golfer had to
swing and power the club in rhythm from the upper torso, controlling the move with hands, arms
and shoulders, encouraging the bottom, hips, legs and feet to fit with and follow the rhythmic
The great Harry Vardon, six-time Open Champion, in his “Gist of Golf” published in 1922,
illustrates the beginning the down swing on all his clubs, from driving, cleek, mid Iron, niblick and
mashie notes, “the club has been started on the down track without an alteration of the pose of
the body.”  Vardon keeps the body stationary as the club, hands and arms move down to the
ball.  Photographs of his swing show his lower body fixed until the hands and arms appear to
collect it and bring it along into the finish of the swing.  The whole works together in rhythm to
produced power and accuracy.  Top down swinging prevailed through the era of steel shaft golf
clubs and was the method taught by most of golf teachers and used by tournament
professionals. Swinging the club was in style. They spoke about swinging against a fixed left side.
Ernest Jones, author of "Swing the Clubhead" published in 1952 was best known teachers of the
top down method. He would demonstrate his principles by striking golf balls sitting on a chair,
claiming that, "thinking about hips, legs and other parts of the body as mental hazard."    His
method is based on Webster's definition of swing, stating it is regular to-and-fro motion, as of a
pendulum; to oscillate. Jones states, "the only way to control the motion of the clubhead is
through the medium of the hands and arms."     
Ben Hogan, reputed to be the most accurate striker of the golf ball in the game, was the
foremost and influential promoter of the “bottom-up golf swing. Hogan won sixty-three pro
tournaments, including three majors in 1953, to almost matched Bobby Jones 1930 Grand Slam,
except the PGA Championship. It was due to a match play format often over 36 holes, which he
couldn’t manage because of his injuries from an automobile accident.  Hogan practiced harder
than any other golfer of his time to develop precision and an essential part of his swing
technique was to initiate the downswing with a rotation of the left hip.  He was adamant on this
point which gave rise to the modern “bottom up” golf swing, a technique now used universally by
all major PGA and LPG stars and taught as a basic and essential move in the modern golf swing
to all who now enter the game.  The “bottom up” technique, with the help of improved, light weigh
equipment helped move golfers from “top down” swinging the clubhead technique to hitting the
ball as far as possible; the faster you move the hips the faster the clubhead speeds through the
ball. Hands and arms are passive employed principally to connect the hips to the clubhead. If
well connected a rapid move of the hips can accelerate the clubhead and propel the ball
enormous distances.
“Top-down” golfers are swingers and “Bottom-up” golfers are hitters.  Alas there are some
unfortunate golfers who simultaneously use both techniques and rarely play well; like primitive
man, or woman for that matter, they club the ball as they would make a kill.  If you don’t know in
which category you belong, the easiest way to determine if you are a swinger or a hitter, is to
make a few shots by starting the downswing with a deliberate turn of the left hip (right hip if you
are a lefty) to start the downswing.  If you are a swinger, you will likely fail miserably.  Like me,
you are probably a senior golfer so don’t bother to change. It’s too late, lower body flexibility is
impaired by age. You will hurt yourself.   

Coach Paterson.  4/30/2018

The Prompt in Golf

During the act of preparing to strike a golf ball, there is a crucial point in the process when you
must initiate the swing, let’s call it the prompt, the state of readiness to start moving the club.
Many factors are involved in reaching a clear state of readiness, some physical acts to get into
position over the ball, and others, mental checking how all the involved body parts feel as you
address the ball; a sense of being in balance and assurance to fire, to let go.  At times
readiness is clear and easy to fire. Other times the sense of readiness is empty, confused, and
fleeting questions arises; what am I doing? Where am I going? The message is missing and the
body reacts instinctively, but more than often, out of control.  All golfers have been there,
frequently in and out of readiness throughout a round of golf.  So how do we remain at the
The prelude to the prompt is preparing and bringing into balance and setting the correct
alignment of body and the club to the target.  The machinery is aimed and positioned correctly
by three important parts of our human anatomy. The combination of our eyes creates the visual
pathway, our ears, the auditory pathway and principally our proprioceptive nerve pathway. The
eyes focus on the target, the ears control our balance and the proprioceptors sense the position
of the body, commonly known as muscle memory.  To eat, drink, walk, run and strike golf balls
efficiently we need sensory feedback from our muscles. The golfer gathers together all these
senses leading up to the prompt that immediately recognizes the imprint of making a successful
swing of the club at the ball.
The prompt is the firing pin, the trigger to move. Sometimes it’s clear, unconsciously there
without any thought and swoosh the ball is flying towards straight for the pin.  Other times it’s
absent and the brain struggles to find it with split-second, emergency, conscious thoughts on
moving the golf club. The trigger is pulled, it can’t be delayed after all the preparation; with luck
the shot might succeed but with the average golfer that rarely occurs.  
The swing is at the other side of the prompt, the result of the prompt.  Well- developed PGA to
LPGA tourist swings clearly respond more efficiently to the prompt because they are highly
trained well developed, skilled movements from hours of conscientious practice and professional
instruction. It’s likely the swing movement is always made unconsciously, even if a special ball
flight is desired. Their swings are deeply grooved into muscle memory. They have made so
many great shots during their careers they often feel exhilarated at the prompt knowing full well
they are about to make a great shot, and they often do.  The effort goes into determining, often
with the help of their caddie, what shot is needed, what club to use then focus fully getting into
the correct prompt position. Was it Hogan that said, standing over the ball preparing to make the
shot, that he often felt he had already made the shot?      
The closest the average golfer can arrive at the unconscious prompt state is on the practice
ground so try this. Choose one club, preferable a short iron and prepare to strike one hundred
balls continuously with the one club taking careful aim at a selected target.  You will soon get
into a steady rhythm that will eventually produce an unconscious prompt to each shot.  The
continuous repeating rhythm will produce a thoughtless swing.  It might take two hundred balls to
find the thoughtless swing, however, regardless of the results you are on the way to becoming a
better golfer.

Coach Paterson, June 2018

On practice

Later in life, Oxford educated Horace Hutchinson and two-time British Amateur Champion 1886
and 87, became an avid student and teacher of the mechanics of the golf swing. In his, “Book of
Golf and Golfers” first published in 1900, in chapter IV titled “How to Practice” he opens saying
“Golfers would play a great deal better if they practiced more.”  He goes on to say that
universally golfers deny that truth and don’t believe practice helps for great many reasons; busy
lives that don’t permit time, boredom, but in most instances simply an unwillingness to make the
effort. Many try for a while but give up because they are impatient, failing to understand that
improvement is never immediate, it always comes later than sooner.  I had one pupil, however,
who was dedicated to a strict daily practice regime, and managed to reduce his handicap from
twelve to four in a matter of months.  I was immensely pleased with his progress. His zeal in
search of perfection was made clear during one session when poised at the follow through after
a bullet, straight drive at a target some three hundred yard away, he asked me how he should
bring the club down correctly after the shot. I had no answer for him.    
During my  lengthy career coaching men and women at all stages of the game to improve, I
rarely found a pupil truly willing and dedicated to practice and improve the infinite number of
number of strokes with fourteen different clubs they encounter in playing eighteen holes of golf,
which change from day today due to weather conditions, level of energy and fatigue and other
daily life requirements. Practice is not simply a measure of swing improvement.  Each stroke
requires a special study and hours of dedicated practice.   
Alas most golfer spend their lives off their game, or so the say.  Either they are putting badly,
drives are crooked, can’t get out of the bunkers or unfortunately, have genuine case of the
chipping yips. Their excuses are never ending. The reality is they are stuck in a level of
expertise fitting their athleticism, and their time in life and effort they have put into the game.  So,
expect be content to play, with what expertise you have, as well as can at that very moment in
the game. You may play slightly better or slightly worse, and on a rare occasion have an out-of-
the-ordinary super, low score.  You may hit the occasional spectacular drive or rifle an iron close
to the pin, but don’t use those occasional feats as a measure of your daily play. They are likely
rare, but nevertheless enjoy them.
If you decide to improve with practice, Harold Hutchinson in 1900 and Ben Hogan 46 years later
had the same approach to practice. Hogan said, “golfers in most need of practice did the least
practice,” and Hutchinson said above “golfers would play a deal better if they practiced more.”  
They believed that to master the game you must master all clubs in the bag.  Both advised the
golfer to first identify which part of the game needs most improvement, and after play,
recommend carefully noting what parts need mending. Hutchinson tells us not to home bewailing
to your wife and household that your brassy failed you, and not to leave the matter to chance to
mend itself, take the defective club to some quite corner of the links to “have it out with that
club,” and become its master once again. Hogan wants you to plan the shots you are going to
practice and make them with a clear purpose in mind to help develop habits of concentration,
which will carry over to play on the course.  
Most golfers hit aimlessly on the range working on their swings. That’s not practice it’s mainly
exercise. Patty Berg, LPGA Tour winner of fifteen majors on practice tells us not regard practice
as merely routine exercise. Be just as careful of form and method as you would playing a match.
Using your existing swing, test it by taking one club, preferable a short club, pick a target and hit
a bucket or two focusing carefully on the target. Learn to fly the ball to the target on different
flight paths, low, high, left to right, and right to left.  Your Professional can help you find the
swing paths, but don’t be afraid to test different swing paths. That’s the route to developing
control of the golf ball.    
That bring us to the question off practice or stay put.  The do nothing or do it later approach is
acceptable, so why not enjoy the other benefits of golf beside societies keenly sought-after
competitive success? You don’t need to keep score every time you play, just enjoy seeing the
ball fly and at times unexpectedly dropping in the hole, enjoy the sociability of playing with
friends, but always observe your very best golf etiquette, enjoy the aesthetics of the game; the
beauty of the course and surrounding nature. Life other than golf abounds on the links enjoy it
Keep swinging

Coach Paterson October 2018

My New Year Golf Resolutions, Jan 1, 2019  

On the eve of my seventy eighth year still in a cognitive state of deep involvement in golf, I’m
both alarmed and ecstatic about the future of the game. In spite of golf industry predictions of
more course closures and growing technological intrusion in the traditional game I grew with, I’m
looking forward to more distance from better equipment, artificial knees to walk eighteen holes
for at least another year, a mind prepared to endure putting woes, and balanced emotions to
help score, at times, below advancing age; all of which releases those “feel good” hormones that
make the game worthwhile.   
To me it seems no world is changing faster than that of golf and that’s not surprising since I have
dedicated a lifetime in the game.  Yesterday heavy rainfall closed the back nine of my home
course to golf carts, (it has no cart paths) walking only was permitted. So, I walked last nine
holes alone without seeing another golfer, yet the front nine was full of golfers young and old on
carts.  Although golf carts have been around for some time, I use that experience as an example
of the first prominent, technological intrusion into the traditional walking game of golf. Golf carts
have become an integral, profitable and necessary part of US golf club life with many not even
allowing golfers to walk the course.
Technology is now touted as the redeemer of golf.  With the youth of the country ever
connected, listening and texting maybe the only avenue to get them interested in becoming
golfers. So why not promote the latest fully connected golf carts offering hole flyovers, instant
golf tips, our favorite streamed music, live TV with football,basketball and other sports, news
headlines and much more. It’s already here plus total care from a fully connected clubhouse
staff with google maps that check your carts status, location and who knows even our score. Be
assured sales technology will keep us informed of latest deals and discounts from the pro shop,
grill room and bar, and always ready to deliver what we need to the next tee and making sure
our preferences are noted in preparation for our next visit to the course.  
Every distraction is offered to keep us busy and removed from concern about our next shot.  In
the future our swing may be so efficient we will have not even worry about our next shot.
Technology is invading athletics and enhancing sports performance discounting to a large
degree, great natural talent and hard work; my era’s menu to winning. New technologies have
invaded golf instruction with wearable devices which monitor performance, genetic exploration
reveals how your genes can improve our scores, and a mass of data analytics supplied to hack
off one or two strokes each round.  Add to this, virtual reality, where conceivably we can step
into Ben Hogan’s swing in real conditions, and just imagine before we tee-off, buying a tight-
fitting golf shirt in the pro shop with sensors woven into the threads offering us a well grooved
swing for eighteen holes. And bring on the music, recent research finds Jazz can improve your
putting skill.  I’ll have Dizzy Gillespie’s A night in Tunisia in my bag. TrackMan and BodiTrak are
now common on the driving range at PGAtour stops, and despite their high cost, even carried at
Junior golf events. Technological connection is surely the addiction of youth.
Though not opposed to technology and passionate about listening to music, but I prefer both in
the right place at the right time. So, for the time being my New Year resolution will remain in the
stone age; to keep walking the course, to enjoy the beauty of the course, to converse with an
inquisitive fox squirrel checking out my ball, to socialize quietly with my playing companions and
above all to watch my occasional good shot fly in a perfect parabola toward the target. What
more do we need?  

Happy New Year
Coach Paterson.  

Horace G. Hutchinson, Born 1859, British
Amateur Champion 1886 and 1887. Author of
" The Book of Golf and Golfers" By Longmans,
Green, And CO. 1900
Yale's Magnificent 9th Biarritz Hole
Patty Berg
Fifteen Major      
    The McIlroy Swing for Senior Golfers.  March 14, 2019

    Tiddlywinks you might say; however, I believe it can be achieved within the limits of an
    older frame with slower speed and the same reckless bravado.  The goal is not to
    emulate Rory’s prowess but only to copy his fearless, maximized style.  Some time ago
    during my tenure at the Yale Golf Course, I had a surprise visit from a Scottish childhood
    golfing pal named Alan Johnson, who emigrated to Canada and become a winner on the
    PGA Tour Circuit. Shooting fifteen under par, he won the 1962 Hot Springs Open in a
    playoff with Bill Collins with a birdie on the second hole.  Alan was playing in the
    Insurance City Open (Now the Greater Harford Open) at the Wethersfield Country Club
    and dropped in to play the Yale course with me.  We hadn’t seen each other since
    childhood, but I had followed his professional career and was excited to play with him.  
    After watching my struggles, I distinctly remember on the sixth tee at Yale, as I was about
    to tee off, Alan told me to lift my chin off my chest. “Hold your head up,” he said.  
    Apparently, my chin blocked my shoulder tour and limited my backswing and turn.

    To my surprise, when I raised my head from my chest, awkward as it felt, I experienced
    the fullest backswing freedom since I was a gangly boy, a time when swing tension was
    not a restriction or a curse.  At the time of Alan’s advice, I was well into middle age with all
    its trials and tribulations, accompanied fears and tensions, plus a well grooved chin down
    swing with proprioceptors well dug in. “Chin up” was not easy to install at my stage in life,
    athletically and mentally, so it was forgotten. Today even more senior in age, still stuck in
    the chin down posture, my swing got shorter and shorter, as did my drives. That was until
    on the course recently and frustrated, I remembered Alan’s “chin up” advice, so I stood
    up with “chin-up.” and let it go.  With surprising ease, the ball flew high and straight down
    the center of the fairway and well beyond my chin down distance.  A gain sustained in the
    “chin-up” position.

    As a Golf Channel Junky and admirer of Rory McIlroy’s unconstrained, free- wheeling golf
    swing, I named my “chin-up’ swing my McIlroy swing. Besides his freedom of movement, I
    was attracted by his carefree, let-it-all-hangout competitive attitude and hitting the ball a
    great distance was more important than keeping it in play.  I realized then we are all too
    concerned and tied up about losing control of the ball, hitting it into the pond, bunker and
    other conscious hazards.  Golf Instructors forever, including myself emphasized ball
    control over distance, despite my recollection that every pupil eventually asked, “how can
    I get mores distance.”  We thought control was the primary skill needed for the novice
    golfer. Yet fully aware that Ben Hogan, the most accurate ball striker in the history of golf,
    always held the belief that for all golfers learning to strike the ball as far as possible was
    more important than keeping it in play.  We are still coaching control and perhaps stifling
    free golf swings.   

    Rory and his young fellow PGA tourist in competition play a power game with direction
    taking a back seat to distance.  Their stance is wider, back swings fuller and faster, using
    powerful leg and hip action to drive the ball prodigious distances never seen in the
    game.  They slash and burn. They go all out.  Even old Phil Michelson has moved up his
    swing speed to join the youngsters, to play more recklessly than ever before.  It’s exciting
    to watch, so why not join them?

    But wait a minute senior golfer. If you want to try out the “McIlroy swing for Senior
    Golfers” make sure your body, especially your upper and lower torso are exercised
    enough to make a bigger, freer movement, and always makes sure you are well set up
    aimed and in balance or you risk trouble.  Begin exercising the swing by holding a large
    inflatable ball, (easily purchased and available in every gym) between your arms at
    shoulder height and slowly rotate ball, hands, arms in one piece through the motion of
    the golf swing, rotating slowly at first allowing your feet and legs to follow. Practice until
    you can do fifty full rotations. This exercise will loosen up body rotation essential to
    developing back and forward swing power. Next, exercise with a golf flex club, the one
    with the heavy yellow ball on whippy shaft.  With feet well apart, more than shoulder
    width, and at the golf ball address position, weight well balanced, seated on the center of
    your feet, “chin-up” then begin swinging the club back and forth, feeling the weighted ball
    lag on the forward movement of the body into the downswing.  If you have not before
    exercises your golf swing in this way, start off with a few swings and gradually work up to
    more at a faster pace. If you want more, U Tube is full of golf exercises to increase power
    and clubhead speed.  Check them out but make sure you don’t overdo in the beginning.

    I often told pupils that the one condition I could grant to help swinging a golf club well, is
    freedom, defined in every way to help all aspect of golf, body and mind; unrestricted,
    unobstructed, liberty, open, spontaneity, at ease all the times.  In my “McIlroy Swing for
    Senior Golfers” mode, I no longer worry where the ball is going, I set up well and let it
    fly. And for the time being, it’s working. Good luck and keep swinging.       

    Coach Paterson.  

Three magic words for better golf ‘Push and Pull”  

    Addicted to golf for over seventy-seven years, I never stopped trying to improve with
    some adjustment to my technique, never ceasing the search for the Golden Fleece of
    golf, which unlike Jason,  who successfully completed Aeetes three tasks to retrieved his
    trophy, golf’s fleece remains out-of-touch. After completing many tasks, forever guarded
    by the never sleeping dragon, our quest treats us with an occasional taste of success
    with fully control swings for one or two holes, occasional rounds, rarely for a full season
    and certainly never for life.    
           Through a lifetime of multiple golf swing improvement travails, I came closest to golf’s
    golden fleece, with my “push and pull” swing action. It’s a movement that consistently
    helped me feel the generation and delivery of power in the swing, and possibly by
    chance, produce more accuracy. We tend to search for clarity and gain in all life
    endeavors, and much to my surprise, one or the other unexpectedly appears as a bonus
    for our efforts as “push and pull” did for me.  The words “push and pull “are familiar terms
    learned from child hood and for the remainder if life easily recognized, understood and
    above all felt. What child hasn’t pushed or pulled a toy? What mother hasn’t pushed a
    baby carriage, or pulled off stockings, and what dad hasn’t pushed a wheel barrow
    around the yard or pulled of his pants? Both are common forces but different because
    they act on opposing directions and can be acted upon equally by living and non-living
    objects.   Before getting into mathematical proof of “push and pull,” I will attempt to
    describe how my instinctive, physical response from my “push and pull” efforts helped me.

    To me, the backswing entailed much more the taking the club to the top of the swing in
    preparation for hitting the ball on the down swing. It is not the common arm lift that so
    often destroys the average golfer the joy of seeing the ball fly well down the center of the
    fairway.  I never designed golf swings.  I allow my pupils to build their own golf swings.
    Much like building an automobile, the swing has a structure; a chassis, an engine, the
    power source, and the individual to drive it; in golf the club.  The correct swing motion and
    track will occur if the swing is powered correctly by the human engine producing a
    sequence of well-balanced moves.  In simple terms, compare the swing to firing a bow
    and arrow, you draw the bowstring and release it.  The “push” golf backswing loads the
    power and the “pull” down swing delivers the power, fires the ball.  If you don’t draw the
    bow spring the arrow wont fire, it never works, even for Robin Hood.  Many amateur
    golfers instinctively push the arrow. Primitive man poised with club over his head about to
    secure his meal, never thought to pull the club around his hip.  

    It’s essential to begin the “push and pull” move from a balanced set-up or stance.  Start
    the back swing by pushing an extended left from the ball allowing the upper body,
    shoulders and chest, to follow until fully rotated.  You may be unaware of your feet and
    lower body leading the “push” that moves your mass over your right leg.  Concern of
    moving the head, swaying, a plague to high handicappers is always a pushing back
    concern, however if the golfers center remains in place the body mass rotates.  Now at
    the stage of pulling in the opposite direction, simply pull the shaft of the club with your left
    hip or hands around your body into the follow-through: this move popularized by Ben
    Hogan is now universally adopted and exhibited by the current generation of top
    professional and amateur golfers. They perform the move with a swift, rotation of the left
    hip that leads and accelerates the clubhead through the ball.  If unable to feel the hip to
    clubhead connection, go midway to the butt of the club in your left hand (or right hand if
    lefty) and pull the club, grip first, around your left hip. Don’t worry the clubhead will follow.
    Don’t help it, trust it.  A Hogan contemporary PGA tourist expressing the pull around move
    this way. “Try to cut of your left toe with the butt of the golf club.”  Growing up as a
    natural, swing the clubhead golfer, this advice helped me a great deal.  A smooth tempo
    is crucial to a successful golf shot so when processing the move of over the ball, silently
    verbalized the move with a lengthy push back and faster pull through, say “puuuuush and
    pull” to get in rhythm of extending the push.  

    On a recent visit to the PGA Tour Heritage Golf Classic on Hilton Head SC, I searched for
    evidence of the “push and pull” principal.  Wide backswings were prevalent and often
    rehearsed with an extended left arm pre-swing push back extension of the left arm prior to
    making a swing. Justin Thomas and Ricky Fowler are examples.  Justin Rose, Alex Noren,
    even Tiger Woods and many others exhibit pre-shot routine, pull of the butt-end of the
    club down around the left hip into the ball. The most significant evidence of the “pull and
    push” factor is the prevalence of flat follow-through finishes on the PGA and LPGA Tours,
    supporting the pull of the club around the left hip action.      

    Scientific golf journals, particularly “The Search for the perfect Swing” proves “The slow
    moving, large muscles of the body, particularly the legs and hips are the engines of the
    swing and the hands and arms are the transmission of the swing.”    
    The “push and pull” system may seem driven from a central body point by pushing hands
    and arms, however, all swing leverage systems are propelled from a fixed point, the feet
    on the ground.  Muscles are not elastic and can only pull and although the opening move
    on the “push and pull” system may feel like a push, but it is the combination of bone and
    muscle pairs pulling the body around its core, via its feet, to completion of the backswing.  
    We needn’t go into the complicated anatomical process, but feeling it is essential.  It’s
    vital to sense the body mass, the big muscle mass, moving back and forth during a golf
    swing, to feel the transfer of energy, the transfer of weight. Too much attention is paid to
    “keep your head still” which tends to stifle body rotation and the transfer of weight.   
    Science proves that every golfer hitting a ball changes the speed or angle of the Earth’s
    rotation, and if all golfers in the world were lined up facing in an easterly direction
    simultaneously hitting three hundred yard drives the Earth’s rotation would drop one
    second in a billion years. In effect every shot we hit is miniscule and irrelevant to most of

    Scientific information on the golf swing is found in “The Search for the Perfect Swing,” a
    scientific study of the golf swing undertaken by the Golf Society of Great Britain in 1968.
    Paper back copies of it are still available from Amazon. I highly recommend every serious
    golfer obtain a copy. It might not make you a better golfer but, it will help you understand
    why not.   

    Coach Paterson. May 2019.


    During a lifetime of golfing with family and friends, amateurs and professionals from the
    top of game to the bottom, one observation, usually on the first tee, before the drive is
    launched, when all parts of  golfer’s anatomical posture, provides an immediate reaction,
    alas frequently negative but occasionally positive response from my highly trained golf
    professional eye.  The coach’s eye rarely fails to accurately asses the quality of the
    remainder of the round.     

    Perhaps the worst; well in view of individual’s surprising golfing success, let’s refer to it as
    the most unusual beginning address, which arose from an accidental pairing with a local
    club member who joined our party during a golf adventure to St. Andrews. The
    gentleman golfer had a unique address, not unfamiliar to those who engage in England’s
    national sport, cricket, a sport in which two individuals with bats run between two sets
    wickets. In preparation for the arrival of ball from bowler, the batter at times will stand
    before the wicket with the bat well forward of his body to protect the wicket from the
    bowler. If the cricket ball strikes the wicket, the batter is out and leaves the pitch.  Imagine
    our golfing partner standing well behind the ball, in a cricketer posture, holding his club
    well forward of his left leg, hands well forward the club-head sitting behind the ball.  The
    adjacent photos closely show the golfer/cricket address posture and the golfer/cricketer
    follow through. With each shot, our partner drew the club back and lurched forward to
    strike the ball, and to my surprise struck it quite accurately but not far.  He was famed
    cricketer, highly skilled with a bat and well entrenched in its use who, when introduced to
    golf, decided to use the golf club as he did his bat, wisely recognizing the lengthy trials
    and suffering of building a whole new orthodox golf swing.

    Unlike the cricketer, few novice golfers struggle with an embedded, swinging action built
    around another sport.  Skilled professional athletes in other bat and ball games,
    baseball, tennis, ice hockey, accustomed to striking and directing high speed balls or
    pucks at targets, are aware of the importance of a balanced start in any sport,
    instinctively when golfing maneuver themselves into an orthodox, stable  golf address
    over the stationery ball.  The ensuing golf swing will no doubt retain the character of their
    sport. The common denominator for success in all sports is a well balance action, from
    beginning to end and the novice as well as the professional will make the start on

    Being in balance for all human action is essential to making progress.  Within the
    average, club and public high handicap community of golfers a balanced address is often
    absent.  The common picture shows them, feet wide apart, leaning over towards the ball
    too much with their arms extended far from their bodies, with their upper body mass
    tipping forward onto their toes.  I call it the “bence” posture derived from the word bend,
    and it’s easy to see why their swings fail because at the start they are not in balance and
    likely to fall further off balance during the swing. The golf address position, with the
    clubhead behind the ball is commonly known as the “stance” from the word stand.  How
    often in childhood have you heard parents and layer have coaches tell you to stand up,
    don’t slouch?  I did many times reminding players of the need to be in balance.  Note the
    posture of our golf stars on television, especially their posture as the camera shoots
    them from distance.  You rarely see any space between their hands and the end of the
    club shaft. They appear erect with the club coming out of their body.  

    Golf instructors now emphasize creating and maintaining the correct spine angle
    throughout the swing process: The spine angle being the straight line from the base of
    the players spine to the top of the head.  The back can’t be curved. A balance address
    will require a more upright spine angle, producing a balanced division of weight on the
    feet, from left to right and front to back.  This ideal division of weight felt in the feet, which
    reflects a balanced hands, arms and body mass, ready to make a balanced golf swing.  
    The correct stance, address, set up in combination with a correct grip, and a relaxed
    upper body, will lead to a fuller, freer, well balanced and more powerful swing.
    The balanced stance is easy to find, stand up, feet apart, head up, feel tall, stick your
    butt back, which straightens the spine angle, let your arms hang under your shoulders,
    with hands holding the club next to your body, by now you should feel relaxed and evenly
    balanced so swing away.  

    It works, however, there’s more. The swing in order to function correctly and produce
    accurate golf shot, the proper address or stance must be aligned correctly towards the
    proposed target.  If the stance is lined up incorrectly, it’s likely the golfer’s posture will be
    off balance, causing two errors that will surely lead to a failed shot.  Aligning the stance
    to a target is easily understood with a simple geometric pattern, the letter H.  Point the
    outward arm of the H. let’s call it the target arm, towards the target with the clubface at
    right angles to the arm  then place the feet on the parallel arm, with the center arm
    representing  the club, making sure  the clubface is situated at a right angle to face the
    target at all times.  Simple geometry.  

    Following what Rudyard Kipling wrote “Oh, East is East, and West is West, and never the
    twain shall meet.” Don’t you think it’s better to leave cricket to the cricketers, and golf to
    the golfers.  That’s what the photos support.  Don't you agree?

    Coach Paterson   October 1, 2019

Tom Right                                                       Tom Wrong